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White Pine

Will Ship Spring 2024

Plant Type: Evergreen, bare-root

Zones:  3-8

Soil Type:  Clay, Loamy & Sandy Soils

Site Selection: Full Sun, Partial Sun

Mature Height & Width:  60-80' Height and 20-40' Spread

Growth Rate:  Fast - 24" or more per year once established

Moisture Requirements: Dry to average soils

White Pine Plugs Also Available - CLICK HERE

Plant Characteristics

White Pine

Pinus strobus

The Eastern White Pine is a fast-growing evergreen, hardy and adaptable to many soil types. The soft, wispy needles are clustered in groups of 5. With sticky aromatic buds, this pine emits a pleasant scent, particularly after the rain. The young bark is smooth and silvery, maturing to dark grayish-brown with broad ridges and deep furrows. Popular for the home landscape, as well as reforestation projects. This is the most popular conifer that we sell, and we have sold millions!

Planted as a solitary or in groups, the White Pine is stately beyond words. Avoid heavy, poorly drained soils. Sensitive to air pollution and salt, this conifer is best suited in wooded or rural areas.

Fun facts:

  • The Eastern White Pine is the state tree of Maine.
  • The seeds from this evergreen were introduced into England from Maine in 1605 by Captain George Weymouth of the British Navy. This conifer is appropriately named the Weymouth Pine in England.

Common Uses:

  • Windbreaks
  • Reforestation
  • Shade trees
  • Great wildlife value
  • Lumber production
  • Christmas trees
  • The cones make excellent kindling

White pine seeds are loved by black bears, rabbits, red squirrels and many birds. Due to the dense foliage this conifer exhibits, it provides important nesting habitat for woodpeckers, mourning doves, common grackles, nuthatches and chickadees. Bald eagles enjoy nesting atop the largest Eastern White Pines. Excellent deer cover.

Fun Fact: Large birds build nests close to the trunk, while small birds build their nests well out onto the limbs.

Product Questions

I have a stand of large white pine where I've lost several over the years from wind and tornado's. Will these seedlings be able to grow among the mature trees or do they require full sun?
Question by: Marilyn Ellis on Oct 3, 2020, 11:56 AM
White pine are pretty resilient little trees. If they will have at least partial sun during the day, they will grow up amidst the tall trees. As in nature, the young seedlings grow in the under story of the larger tree canopy. They may not be as full and be more thin and wispy, but should be fine unless it is full dense shade.
Answer by: Chief River Nursery on Oct 12, 2020, 1:41 PM
Are seedlings and transplants both bare root, or does a transplant have a plug?
Question by: Nick Preus on Nov 26, 2020, 12:28 PM
Both seedlings and transplants are bare root, the length of time in the planting bed is what determines if it is a seedling or transplant. The transplant does not have a plug. We also offer Conifer plugs that are sold by the full box in a different product area.
Answer by: Chief River Nursery on Nov 30, 2020, 8:39 AM
If I desired to plant 3 - 4 rows of these white pine as both a wind break, and wildlife cover, what would be the desired spacing between rows and trees themselves.
Question by: Mitch Almeter on Oct 17, 2021, 3:09 PM
For windbreaks, plant them in a double or triple row, leaving 8-15 feet between the rows and approximately 10 feet apart in the row.
Answer by: Chief River Nursery on Oct 18, 2021, 8:34 AM
I'm concerned about roots near surface or above ground (cutting grass or tripping while walking near trees) as trees matures. Can you elaborate on the root system?
Question by: Debbie on Mar 29, 2022, 12:33 PM
White pine has a shallow spreading root system, without a taproot.
Answer by: Chief River Nursery on Mar 30, 2022, 12:51 PM
How wide will white pine get at maturity if planted close together for a windbreak?
Question by: Christopher Wright on Dec 13, 2022, 8:31 PM
The white pine width at maturity can be between 20-40' wide. If planting for a privacy screen you would want to plant them approximately 1/2 the maturity width apart, We do recommend 2-3 stagger rows for the best coverage.
Answer by: Chief River Nursery on Dec 14, 2022, 8:23 AM