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White Pine

Plant Type: Evergreen, bare-root

Zones:  3-8

Soil Type:  Clay, Loamy & Sandy Soils

Site Selection: Full Sun, Partial Sun

Mature Height & Width:  60-80' Height and 20-40' Spread

Growth Rate:  Fast - 24" or more per year once established

Moisture Requirements: Dry to average soils

White Pine Plugs Also Available - CLICK HERE

Plant Characteristics

White Pine

Pinus strobus

The Eastern White Pine is a fast-growing evergreen, hardy and adaptable to many soil types. The soft, wispy needles are clustered in groups of 5. With sticky aromatic buds, this pine emits a pleasant scent, particularly after the rain. The young bark is smooth and silvery, maturing to dark grayish-brown with broad ridges and deep furrows. Popular for the home landscape, as well as reforestation projects. This is the most popular conifer that we sell, and we have sold millions!

Planted as a solitary or in groups, the White Pine is stately beyond words. Avoid heavy, poorly drained soils. Sensitive to air pollution and salt, this conifer is best suited in wooded or rural areas.

Fun facts:

  • The Eastern White Pine is the state tree of Maine.
  • The seeds from this evergreen were introduced into England from Maine in 1605 by Captain George Weymouth of the British Navy. This conifer is appropriately named the Weymouth Pine in England.

Common Uses:

  • Windbreaks
  • Reforestation
  • Shade trees
  • Great wildlife value
  • Lumber production
  • Christmas trees
  • The cones make excellent kindling

White pine seeds are loved by black bears, rabbits, red squirrels and many birds. Due to the dense foliage this conifer exhibits, it provides important nesting habitat for woodpeckers, mourning doves, common grackles, nuthatches and chickadees. Bald eagles enjoy nesting atop the largest Eastern White Pines. Excellent deer cover.

Fun Fact: Large birds build nests close to the trunk, while small birds build their nests well out onto the limbs.