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Norway Spruce

Plant Type: Evergreen, bare-root

Zones:  2-7

Soil Type:  Clay, Loamy & Sandy Soils

Site Selection: Full Sun, Partial Sun

Mature Height & Width:  60-80' Height and 30-40' Spread

Growth Rate:  Fast - 24" or more per year once established

Moisture Requirements: Dry to average soils

Norway Spruce Plugs Also Available - CLICK HERE

Plant Characteristics

Norway Spruce

Picea abies

The Norway Spruce is a true northwoods giant that can reach heights of 90+ feet. This conifer has the same conical shape as the White Spruce, but exhibits its signature drooping branches as it matures. This fast growing evergreen has dark green color with short, shiny and stiff needles. A common choice for windbreaks since its strong and flexible form can withstand winds over 100mph. The Norway Spruce tolerates dry locations better than other spruces, but prefers loamy, well-drained locations. This tree is very adaptable to most conditions and naturally deer resistant.

The Norway Spruce has lustrous dark green needles which are 1/2 to 1" long and maintain their dark green color all winter. Its bark is reddish brown and somewhat scaly. The cones produced by this conifer are relatively long at 4 to 6". A very popular tree used for reforestation due to fast growth rate, classic look and great wildlife value. This conifer is adaptable to most growing conditions with the exception of hot and arid climates. 

Common Uses:

  • Windbreak, can withstand winds of 100mph
  • Ornamental
  • Reforestation
  • Good wildlife value
  • Shade tree

This is a giant tree when it matures, think of it as a multi level skyscraper for birds. Thick foliage provides birds a great place for nesting, roosting and cover from predators and winter weather. Many animals large and small use this tree for cover and shelter including grouse, woodcock and hares. While the tree is used by owls and hawks for roosting, it is common to see an Eagle or Osprey perched atop these towering forest kings.