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Red Pine

Plant Type: Evergreen, bare-root

Zones:  2-6

Soil Type:  Clay, Loamy & Sandy Soils

Site Selection: Full Sun, Partial Sun

Mature Height & Width:  60-80' Height and 30-40' Spread

Growth Rate:  Moderate/Fast - 12-24+" per year once established

Moisture Requirements: Dry to average soils

Red Pine Plugs Also Available - CLICK HERE

Plant Characteristics

Red Pine

Pinus resinosa

The Red Pine is a long-lived conifer and one of our top sellers. This medium to large sized conifer has long, soft, flexible needles and beautiful bark that turns red as it matures. The tree is self-pruning, ultimately leaving the bottom portion of the trunk bare. A favorite of the paper companies, due to its disease resistance and future as a pulp producer. Try this evergreen with our Hybrid Poplar or other pines and spruces for a quick windbreak.

The Red Pine is also known as the Norway Pine. This tree has a very straight trunk and self-prunes as it matures. It is commonly used in recreation areas due to its attractive red bark. Grows on tough dry, rocky, gravelly areas, like the Jack Pine, but has more shade tolerance. The Red Pine will thrive in poor soil. It can tolerate heavy soil, but well-drained soils are preferred. This tree may be planted as part of a multi-species windbreak since its roots are deep and stong.

Common Uses:

  • Ornamental for its attractive red bark
  • Part of a multi-species windbreak
  • Grown for production of cabin logs and railroad ties
  • Widely planted around reservoirs for water quality protection
  • Reforestation and naturalizing former farm fields

The Red Pine is frequently used as a nesting site by red squirrels, crows, ravens, owls and hawks. The cones produce large seeds which are eaten by chickadees, finches, crossbills and mammals. In the northwoods, it is common to see a hawk, owl, eagle or osprey perched atop this tall tree, keenly searching for its next meal.