Red Osier Dogwood
Plant Type: Dormant, bare-root
Soil Type: Clay, Loamy & Sandy Soils
Site Selection: Full Sun, Partial Sun
Mature Height & Width: 8-10' Height and 8-10' Spread
Growth Rate: Fast - 24" or more per year once established
Moisture Requirements: Average to wet soils
The Redosier Dogwood is best known for its attractive deep red stems and twigs. This loose form, spreading shrub is great for erosion control and wildlife cover. Its spring show of white clusters of flowers gives way to white berries that attract up to 18 different kinds of birds. The red color against the snow provides brilliant winter interest. The Redosier Dogwood is a great choice for your lowland areas, but will work well in upland areas as well.
The Red Osier Dogwood is also known as the Red Twig Dogwood, Western Dogwood, American Dogwood, Redstem Dogwood, Red Dogwood, Kinnikinnik, Squawbush, Creek Dogwood, California Dogwood, Red-stemmed Cornel, Redbrush, Gutter Tree and Red Willow.
With its fibrous root system, the Redosier Dogwood makes a great choice for erosion control. Can be planted 3 to 4 feet apart for a nice hedge or privacy screen. Works well in mass plantings in an open area or used as a border. This dogwood makes a dense cover desirable to wildlife and its fruit is enjoyed by many birds and animals.
Common uses for the Red Osier Dogwood include:
- Makes a great hedge or privacy screen
- Excellent wildlife value, providing food and cover
- Works in wet areas
- Lower story of a windbreak
- Ornamental value with red branches - great winter interest
The white berries that are produced by the Red Osier Dogwood are eaten by Ruffed Grouse, Bobwhite Quail, Wild Turkey and Gray Catbird among others. Many species of birds enjoy the fruit from this bush. The twigs are browsed by elk, deer, moose, rabbit and chipmunk. The Red Osier Dogwood provides excellent cover for deer and many types of game birds.