In stock
Only %1 left

Canaan Fir Forestry Plugs

Will Ship Spring 2024

Plant Type: Evergreen Plug

Zones:  4-7

Soil Type:  Loamy & Sandy Soils

Site Selection: Full Sun, Partial Sun

Mature Height & Width:  45-55' Height and 15-25' Spread

Growth Rate:  Moderate - 12-24" per year once established

Moisture Requirements: Average

Canaan Fir Bare Root Trees Also Available - CLICK HERE

Plant Characteristics

Canaan Fir Forestry Plugs

Abies balsamea var phanerolepsis

Sold only by the full box of trees

The Canaan Fir is a stately fir that boasts dense, dark green to bluish fragrant foliage. With excellent needle retention, it is a sought after choice for Christmas tree production. A fine addition to your landscape whether in groups or as a single specimen. Needles are about an inch in length and cones are 3-4", growing upright on its branches. While similar to the Fraser and Balsam Fir in appearance and growth habit, the Canaan Fir will grow in heavier soils as well as soil with a higher pH level. Avoid heavy wet clay. Since this tree exhibits a later bud break, the Canaan Fir is less susceptible to spring frost injury. Fairly deer resistant. Drought tolerant once established. Buy Canaan Fir tree seedlings from our nursery today!

Now you have access to the same trees planted by the giant timber companies, tree farms and many forestry agencies! The roots of our P1 size trees are surrounded by a plug of soil which is 3.3 cubic inches while our P2 trees have a plug of soil 4.9 cubic inches in volume. Our P3 Super Plug trees boast a soil plug volume of a whopping 15.3 cubic inches, over 3X the size of its P2 counterpart! The biomass of the trees also increases substantially with each plug size increment. This includes the soil plug size, root system and stem diameter.

Specs for the soil plug surrounding the roots:

P1 size | 1.1” Diameter | 3.74” Depth | 3.7 cubic inch soil plug

P2 size | 1.24” Diameter | 4.33” Depth | 4.9 cubic inch soil plug

P3 size Super Plug | 2” Diameter | 5.96” Depth | 15.3 cubic inch soil plug

  • Elegant Fir with dark green bluish needles
  • Will grow in clay soils as long as they are not heavy and wet in nature
  • Later bud break minimizes chances of spring frost injury on tender new buds
  • Once established the Canaan Fir exhibits good drought tolerance
  • Fairly deer resistant unlike the Fraser and Balsam Fir
  • Commonly referred to as the West Virginia Balsam fir even though the Canaan has its own unique ecotype
  • Pronounced "Ka-naan" with the emphasis put on the last half of the word.

 Fun fact: The Canaan Fir derived its name from the Canaan Valley in West Virginia

  • Christmas tree production
  • Ornamental and specimen tree
  • Watershed and water quality protection
  • Landscape groupings or as a specimen
  • As part of a windbreak

Many birds enjoy a place for nesting, roosting and general protection from winter weather.  Red Squirrels and birds sometimes eat the seeds from the cones that are produced on the Canaan Fir. 

Product Questions

Are your plugs grown in root pruning containers or smooth sided?
Question by: Marc S Pasineau on Jan 22, 2021, 6:07 AM
They are smooth sided containers. The plug container size is 1.1" diameter and 4" deep. At this small size, root pruning would most likely not be necessary.
Answer by: Chief River Nursery on Jan 22, 2021, 10:34 AM
What is the seed source and elevation?
Question by: Jeremy cissell on Aug 1, 2021, 6:15 PM
The seed source is native to WV at approximately 3,200 ft.
Answer by: Chief River Nursery on Aug 11, 2021, 11:14 AM